The following photos are from the 2002 North American Bocce Championship held at the Highwood, Illinois Bocce Club. A brief synopsis of play follows - for more info go to Back Issues and click on Issue #40.
These rules are for Punto, Raffa, Volo play - for the other style of International play (Volo), click on the Volo Play navigation button (to the left and below).
International rules are much more stringent than we back-yard bocce players are used to, but the skill level and excitement is undeniable. This is the game that promoters hope to see in the 2008 Olympics in Beijing (the Chinese LOVE bocce and have the option of selecting a new sport when the games are held in their country).
Players who want to hit another ball away must call their shots. The referee uses chalk to mark the positions of all balls and the pallino. You must call which ball you will hit and whether you will do so via raffa or volo. If you declare that you will raffa one ball and hit another by mistake, the Rule of Advantage applies. That is, your opponent can decide to let the play stand, or put the displaced balls back where they were, and remove the raffa attempt from play.
If you call a volo shot, the referee traces an arc 40 cm in front of the ball you intend to hit. Your ball must land within that arc for it to be a valid hit. If not, the Rule of Advantage applies.
If you hit the backboard without first hitting another ball, your ball is dead and removed from the court.
You may not hit the sideboard. If you do, the Rule Of Advantage Applies.
You must ask the referee's permission to come down court to view the positions of previously played balls. Fail to do so and you forfeit one ball.
Displacing another ball even when you are pointing can create a Rule of Advantage. If your ball taps another ball causing it to move a distance greater than the length of the tool (70 cm) the rule applies (with these fast-playing surfaces, it doesn't take much of a hit to move a ball 70 cm).
Moreover, if your ball moved the pallino just a short distance and caromed off to hit another ball and that ball moved more than 70 cm, the other team has the option of putting the pallino back to its original position, but the displaced ball stays put.
Bersaglio - when a ball is within 13 cm of the pallino or when two balls are within 13 cm of each other a bersaglio exists. This means you can call your shot and hit either of the two balls to make a legal hit.